Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and care is changing rapidly. Our new course on the Digital Learning Academy reviews recent developments and provides links to useful information about each of them.
In 2018, NHS England policy changed to provide antiretroviral therapy to HIV-positive patients from the time of diagnosis, instead of waiting for signs of immune system damage.
Official figures show significant falls in new diagnoses. They are expected to show further gains from increasing use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), using drug treatments also used to treat HIV infection.
However, despite progress in preventing, detecting and treating HIV, 1m people around the world continue to die from HIV each year. Around 37m worldwide live with the infection.
A central World Health Organization (WHO) aim is to support self-testing so people living with HIV know their status and can receive treatment that prevents the virus from spreading.
In January 2019, Health Secretary Matt Hancock announced that HIV transmissions can be ended through better prevention, detection and treatment, and pledged £600,000 to help achieve that aim in England by 2030.
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